The East African Rift System (EARS) is one the geologic wonders of the world, a place where the earth’s tectonic forces are presently trying to create new plates by splitting apart old ones. In simple terms, a rift can be thought of as a fracture in the earth’s surface that widens over time, or more technically, as an elongate basin bounded by opposed steeply dipping normal faults. Geologists are still debating exactly how rifting comes about, but the process is so well displayed in East Africa (Ethiopia-Kenya-Uganda-Tanzania) that geologists have attached a name to the new plate-to-be; the Nubian Plate makes up most of Africa, while the smaller plate that is pulling away has been named the Somalian Plate (Figure 1). These two plates are moving away form each other and also away from the Arabian plate to the north. The point where these three plates meet in the Afar region of Ethiopia forms what is called a triple-junction. However, all the rifting in East Africa is not confined to the Horn of Africa; there is a lot of rifting activity further south as well, extending into Kenya and Tanzania and Great Lakes region of Africa. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the general geology of these rifts are and highlight the geologic processes involved in their formation.
The safari takes us South through the Rift Valley to Masai Mara where the largest concentrations of game in Kenya is to be found. Then back North to the remote lakes Bogoria and Baringo a bird watchers and naturalists paradise.
- DETAILED ITINERARY
DAY 1: NAIROBI/MASAI MARA
07.30 hours: Depart from our Nairobi office for a journey South along the floor of the Great Rift Valley. Drive past Narok town then climb the western wall entering Hemingway’s “Serengeti Plains” country. Arrive for lunch at Siana Springs in Mara Game Reserve. Afternoon game drive, Dinner and overnight at the Siana Intrepids Luxury Tent Camp.
DAY 2: MASAI MARA
Full day spent in search of Elephants, Zebra, Wildebeest, Rhino, Buffalo, Lion, Cheetah, Leopard and other plains game. All meals and overnight at the Siana Intrepids Luxury Tented Camp .
DAY 3: MASAI MARA
Full day game viewing. Meals and overnight at the Sarova Mara Tented Camp.
DAY 4: MASAI MARA/NAKURU
After breakfast leave the Camp and depart for Nakuru. Lunch is served enroute. Lake Nakuru is renowned for its large variety of birds. Besides birds for which its world famous its possible to see other game such as Rhino, Water Buck, Impala, Buffalo and Gazelle in the surrounding gardens. Dinner and overnight at the Sarova Lion Hill Lodge.
DAY 5: LAKES BARINGO – BOGORIA
Leave Nakuru for both Lakes Baringo and Bogoria. You will have a one-hour boat ride on Lake Baringo. Lunch at Lake Bogoria Hotel and dinner and overnight at Sheraton Baringo Club
DAY 6: LAKE NAKURU/NAIROBI
After breakfast leave for lunch at Lake Naivasha. Proceed in the mid afternoon for Nairobi arriving late afternoon.
Oryx safaris recommends the following guidelines for customized Kenya safari tour packages, excluding international flights:
- 5-star: USD $600 – $1,000+ per person per day
- 4-star: Minimum USD $500 per person per day
- 3-star: Minimum USD $400 per person per day